Tuesday, March 23, 2010
Rickard's calls this effect the "dish effect." Commonly, traders used their billhead plates for trade cards and for entries in local trade directories.
David McNealy Stauffer dates the first copper plate engraving in America in 1690 on Massachusetts paper money. In 1760, Philadelphia engravers appear on the scene, with Henry Dawkins being the first. Dawkins engraved maps, book plates and billheads. Dawkins was an Englishman who supposedly died in prison having been caught counterfeiting money during the Revolution. Paul Revere was another famous copper plate engraver. I have two American copper plate billheads in my collection. They are much harder to come by then UK examples.
The engraver on the Youle billhead is Smith. The copper plate mark on the Youle billhead faint and most noticeable along the right hand side.
The Brown billhead again has a faint plate mark. There is no engraver's mark either. Here are one more example of copper plate engraved American billhead.
Much more common are UK examples. Here are many from my collection below, some you have already seen before.
Saturday, March 20, 2010
Saturday, March 13, 2010
Monday, March 1, 2010
1883 graphic billhead for Kyser & Rex manufacturers of hardware specialties, iron toys, novelties and house furnishing goods of Frankford,
KYSER & REX, Frankford,
Among the banks manufactured by Kyser & Rex and by Alfred C. Rex & Co. were the Bowling Alley, Uncle Tom, the various size Organ Banks, the Baby Mine Bank (Feeding The Child), Chimpanzee Bank, Confectionery Bank, Motor Bank, Dog Tray, and the Lion And Monkeys. From certain records at the Stevens factory, however, it seems that Stevens acquired the patent rights to the Motor Bank, although this bank does not appear listed as a Stevens product in any of their catalogs of the period which have been examined.